Prostate Cancer is now very treatable; Don’t be afraid to find out.

Prostate cancer is  cancer of the prostate gland. The prostate is a small, walnut shaped gland that is found in men. This gland produces the fluid that transports and nourishes sperm. Prostate cancer it one of the most common types of cancer that affect men. It has been found that 1 in 35 men will die from prostate cancer.

Early signs of prostate cancer:

  1. burning or pain during urinating
  2. difficulty urinating
  3. frequent urges to urinate
  4. loss of bladder control
  5. blood in the urine or semen

Prostate cancer begins to develop when cells in the prostate become abnormal. These mutations in the abnormal cells allow the cells to grow and divide rapidly. Like normal cells, these abnormal cells do not die. These abnormal cells grow and grow until a tumor develops.

Doctors use a variety of methods to test for prostate cancer

Prostate screening tests include a digital rectal exam, where your doctor will insert a lubricated gloved finger into your rectum to feel the prostate. If there are any abnormalities felt, further tests will be done. Doctors also perform a prostate-specific antigen test, where a blood sample is drawn from a vein and analyzed for PSA; it is normal to have small amounts of PSA in your blood, but if there is a high level of it found, this may indicate infection or cancer. If both the digital rectal exam and prostate-specific antigen test come back abnormally, additional tests have to be done. An ultrasound of the prostate can be given, this is where a small probe is inserted into the rectum to use sound waves to create a picture of the prostate gland.

Your doctor also might collect a sample of prostate tissue through a biopsy. The sample is then analyzed in a lab to see if there are any cancer cells present. After a biopsy confirms cancer, the next step to take is to determine the level of aggressiveness of the cancer cells. A higher grade indicates that the cancer is more aggressive and will most likely spread quickly. A scale called a Gleason scale is used to evaluate prostate cancer cells. The range is from 2 to 10, where 2 is a non-aggressive cancer and 10 is a very aggressive cancer. Once cancer has been found, there are ways to determine the stage of cancer and how far it has spread. Bone scans, ultrasounds, CT scans, MRIs and more can be done to determine this information.

There are several different treatments for prostate cancer. Immediate treatment may not even be necessary. Sometimes the best kind of treatment is active surveillance, regular blood tests, exams and biopsies. If these tests confirm that cancer is progressing, then other treatment options can be considered.

  • Active Surveillance is an option for those who have cancer that is not causing any other symptoms and is growing slowly in a small area of the prostate.
  • Radiation, where photons kill the cancer cells so they cannot grow or replicate themselves. This technique is very effective in killing localized prostate cancer and also has the same cure rate as surgery.
  • Radical Prostatectomy will remove the entire prostate gland through surgery and is a great option for men who has prostate cancer that has not spread.

There is also hormone therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and other types of treatments for prostate cancer. The biggest concern when picking a treatment is how aggressive the cancer is and what is going to work for each individual patient. You also have to have a good oncologist and someone that will steer you in the right direction.

Men  need to take this seriously and get regular rectal exams to rule out any type of cancer, especially if they are having any symptoms. Doctors are there to help, not hurt. According to the source early detection of this cancer will result in a better outcome. Your doctor will help with any kind of diagnoses and treatment depending on the severity of the cancer. By consulting your doctor, you can come up with the best option for you in terms of treatment, surveillance, and even ways to prevent prostate cancer from forming or spreading even further. Men can live a healthy life even after this cancer diagnoses.

I am a doctor from Melbourne

8 Comments

  1. Koby Monk

    Reply

    It kills about 30,000 a year. In most men, prostate cancer isn’t likely to kill them before something else does. But since prostate cancer still kills so many men, it’s important to find out which men are most at risk of dying early. This new study shows that PSA can tell you.Finding prostate cancer when it is still at an early stage offers the best hope for living cancer free for a long time. The most recent research shows the five-year survival rate for all men with prostate cancer is nearly 100 percent. The relative 10-year survival rate is 98 percent, and 96 percent for 15 years.Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when some cells in your prostate become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cells’ DNA cause the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells do. The abnormal cells continue living, when other cells would die.

  2. Michael Tran

    Reply

    Before I was diagnosed with Prostate cancer, the idea of checkups was something I was too humiliated to even speak about with my wife. If it wasn’t for my dear friend passing from this same form of cancer, I wouldn’t have been able to catch it at such an early stage.

  3. Leon Wyatt

    Reply

    I was experiencing poor flow a couple of years ago, and yet I always felt that I had to go to the bathroom. My wife said I wasn’t getting any younger and I should see a doctor.

  4. Declan Dry

    Reply

    My uncle is around the age of 55, he smokes regularly. In recent days, he lost his weight very soon, and suffering from back pain, frequent urinating, blood in urine, sometimes dull pain in the lower pelvic area. We had an appointment with our physician, after taking all the tests, he came to a conclusion as prostate cancer. And he explained about the cancer, Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in men. Usually prostate cancer grows slowly and is initially confined to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious harm. However, while some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or even no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly. This kind of cancer is treatable in the early days. He undergone treatment, surgery and finally he recovered 90%. He is leading a normal life, and stopped his smoking habits too.

  5. Arlo Campbell

    Reply

    Genitourinary cancer includes bladder, kidney, ovarian, prostate and several other cancers.
    Prostate Cancer is cancer in a man’s prostate, a small walnut-sized gland that produces seminal fluid.
    Symptoms include difficulty with urination, but sometimes there are no symptoms at all.

  6. Samuel Fox

    Reply

    It kills about 30,000 a year. In most men, prostate cancer isn’t likely to kill them before something else does. But since prostate cancer still kills so many men, it’s important to find out which men are most at risk of dying early. This new study shows that PSA can tell you.Finding prostate cancer when it is still at an early stage offers the best hope for living cancer free for a long time. The most recent research shows the five-year survival rate for all men with prostate cancer is nearly 100 percent. The relative 10-year survival rate is 98 percent, and 96 percent for 15 years.Doctors know that prostate cancer begins when some cells in your prostate become abnormal. Mutations in the abnormal cells’ DNA cause the cells to grow and divide more rapidly than normal cells do. The abnormal cells continue living, when other cells would die.

  7. Arlo Hill

    Reply

    I was diagnosed with prostate cancer one year ago at the age of 63 and have been undergoing treatment ever since. I have undergone chemotherapy and have been grateful for the support of my doctors and family during this difficult time.

  8. Seth Philips

    Reply

    It was actually the funniest thing I’d heard all day. Y’know, which is saying something because it was a pretty hilarious day overrall. I mean definitely better than average as far as days go, so… Everything in my life was going smoothly and things we’re even looking up a bit. So yeah, I HAD to laugh when the Doctor said my booty was baddd

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